Introduction to Mathematical Philosophy
by Bertrand Russell
Publisher: University of Massachusetts Amherst 2009
Number of pages: 181
This book is intended for those who have no previous acquaintance with the topics of which it treats, and no more knowledge of mathematics than can be acquired at a primary school. It sets forth in elementary form the logical definition of number, the analysis of the notion of order, the modern doctrine of the infinite, and the theory of descriptions and classes as symbolic fictions.
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by Gary Hardegree - Mcgraw-Hill College
Contents: Basic Concepts of Logic; Truth-Functional Connectives; Validity in Sentential Logic; Translations in Sentential Logic; Derivations in Sentential Logic; Translations in Monadic Predicate Logic; Translations in Polyadic Predicate Logic; etc.
by Christopher Gauker - University of Cincinnati
This book is for anyone who has had a solid introductory logic course and wants more. Topics covered include soundness and completeness for first-order logic, Tarski's theorem on the undefinability of truth, Godel's incompleteness theorems, etc.
by Vilnis Detlovs, Karlis Podnieks - University of Latvia
From the table of contents: 1. Introduction. What Is Logic, Really?; 2. Propositional Logic; 3. Predicate Logic; 4. Completeness Theorems (Model Theory); 5. Normal Forms. Resolution Method; 6. Miscellaneous (Negation as Contradiction or Absurdity).
by Kees Doets, Jan van Eijck - College Publications
The purpose of this book is to teach logic and mathematical reasoning in practice, and to connect logical reasoning with computer programming. The programming language that will be our tool for this is Haskell, a member of the Lisp family.